Arthritis : Causes & Symptoms


What Is Arthritis?

Arthritis is a very serious problem affecting millions of people around the world. While Osteoarthritis is more common and cannot be called as a systematic disease, rheumatoid arthritis is a systematic autoimmune disease. Today we shall speak about common arthritis – the osteoarthritis.

It is a kind of a degenerative joint disease which causes a lot of pain in the ankles, knees, wrists, hips, and several other such joints in the body; particularly where two or more bones meet. Between the bones of the joints, there is a protein substance that serves as a "cushion". This is known as the Cartilage.

The cartilages surrounding the joints wear away causing the bones to become exposed to one another and in the process of moving the joint, they rub on one another causing discomfort and pain. 

V-Blog on Arthritis Care by Reputed Physiotherapist  

V-Golden Age

What Causes Arthritis?
♦     There can be both primary and secondary causes for arthritis. Primarily, arthritis does not result from an injury or disease, it is a result of natural aging of the joint.

♦   With aging, the water content of the cartilage increases, and the protein makeup of cartilage degenerates. Eventually, cartilage begins to flaking or forming tiny cracks.

♦   Repetitive use of the worn joints over years can irritate and inflame the cartilage, causing joint pain and swelling.

♦   Secondarily, obesity, repeated trauma or surgery to the joint structures, abnormal joints at birth which are known as congenital abnormalities, gout, diabetes, and other hormone disorders can cause arthritis.

Symptoms of Arthritis :

Symptoms of arthritis vary from patient to patient. Symptoms also can be intermittent.

  • ♦   Common symptom is the pain in the affected joints after repetitive use. This can be knee pain, hip pain, finger joint pain, ankle pain, foot pain, wrist pain, and shoulder pain with loss of range of motion and function. There can be swelling, warmth, and creaking of the affected joints.

  • ♦   Pain and stiffness of the joints can also occur after long periods of inactivity. Like you are sitting in the theatre and you experience acute pain while getting up and stepping out, because your joints have been at rest for long and suddenly put to use. In some cases, pain is experienced even at rest or limited motion.

  • ♦   Sometimes, cartilage degeneration causes outward curvature of limb joints and we see knees and finger bones to be deformed with that curve. This further limits the motion of the joint.


Can arthritis be prevented?

  • ♦   Arthritis is partly an aging related disease, so there is no guarantee to avoid it completely.
  • ♦   No one chooses an illness but sometimes unfortunately the illness chooses you. Unfortunately there is no prevention but one can try to be as fit as possible with weight control, nutrition and exercise.
  • ♦   A healthy lifestyle, change of diet, healthy and natural foods, exercises, and some natural dietary supplements are some of the ways to reduce this menace.


What are the natural means of curing arthritis?

I can share some tips that would help fight arthritis, naturally! However depending on the degree of arthritis, one should take help and systematic treatment from the general practitioners, family practitioners, internists, orthopedists, rheumatologists, physical therapists, occupational therapists, Orthotics, and physiatrists as needed.

Use a combination of heat and cold compresses : Applying ice packs or a cool compress to the aching joint would help calm inflammation and pain. Placing this compress on the spot for 15 minutes a day can reduce the pain almost totally for that whole day. Likewise, the use of heat compresses helps stimulate blood flow and relaxes the muscles a great deal.

Fish oil - Omega-3 fatty acids are highly effective for people suffering from arthritis. Fish oil can reduce the inflammation effects in the body – right down to the bone joints. However, not everyone consumes fish oil so they can opt for olive oil. But fish oil is the best.

Cruciferous vegetables - Vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, and their kinds can help prevent arthritis. Adding fresh cabbage, carrots, and spinach to this combination goes a long way in helping provide the necessary nutrients to both prevent and help manage arthritis.

Vitamin C and D - Consuming vitamin D naturally or via supplements or staying in Vitamin D - stimulating sunlight (in the morning) helps reduce the inflammation in the joints. Vitamin C is also important and can be acquired from citrus fruits or supplements.

Also proper exercise, health care, physiotherapy, yoga may help the patients.

Very well managed. The musical treatment and physiotherapist are very co-operative. Patient is also happy and hope recovered soon. All management staff is co-operative and responsive. Their attitude towards patients and visitors is very good.
- Anand Laxman Kale (Family Person of V-Golden Age Resident)